Dermatologists report, that there are over 3,000 different types of skin disorders. The skin is made up of the the following layers: dermis (inner layer of the skin), epidermis (the outer layer of the skin), and the subcutaneous (bottom fat skin layer). In many cases, some skin conditions can be linked to certain diseases or illnesses that are occurring within the body, such as heart problems, diabetes, kidney problems, cancer, and other medical conditions. Skin conditions can occur in infants to senior citizens and in both genders. However, most mild, albeit annoying skin conditions, can be cured, as well as prevented.
Eczema is known for causing chronic itchy, red patches of skin and it causes joint pain. There are many different types of eczema, with different symptoms that appear on different parts of the body, but all eczema deals with patchy, itchy conditions. People of all ages, including children, can develop a form of eczema. Doctors are not sure how eczema develops, but it may have an inherited quality. Eczema can be triggered from the following factors:
- when people under stress
- certain foods that people are allergic to
- changes in skin temperatures
- and irritants.
Even though eczema is still a mystery skin condition, treatment is centered around healing the affected skin and to prevent future flare ups. Medications used to treat eczema flare-ups, includes topical inhibitors, oral or injectable corticosteroids, antibiotics, antihistamines, and specific prescriptions to treat viral and fungus infections.
2. Skin Tags
A skin tag is a small piece of skin which may have a stalk, that hangs down. Skin tags can appear on different parts of the skin, more typically on eyelids; armpits; beneath the breasts; upper chest; the groin; or the neck. They vary in size and length, from 2mm to 1 cm and even 5cm. They are non-cancerous, but if they are continually irritated, rubbed, or scratched, from clothing or jewelry, the skin tags have been known break open. Skin tags are made up of skin fibers, nerve cells, fat cells, and ducts, stemming from the epidermis. Men and women are equally affected with this skin condition. The National Institutes of Health believes that around 46% of people in the U.S. have skin tags. Skin tags are an inherited condition, that is treatable through laser treatment, cryosurgery, cutting it out, or electrolysis.
Blackheads do not appear solely because your skin is unclean. They are caused by a natural oil blockage in the opening of a pore or follicle. Small blackheads can develop into a pimple, called a pustule. They are more associated with the overproduction of oil, effecting the epidermis. Even though they are commonly called blackheads, some can appear yellowish in color. Sebum is a molecule that lubricates the skin and hair, but traditionally it drains out of the pore opening of the skin’s surface. However, when pores becomes blocked, bacteria backs up into it. In this build-up of bacteria, the sebum can’t be released through the skin’s surface and a whitehead will form. A blackhead from this process forms when the pore opens up, allowing air to enter. They are more commonly found on the facial t-zone area, including the top of the cheeks on oily skins, ears, and on the back. Blackheads can be treated at home with a consistent cleansing process involving exfoliation, cleansers, soap and water. For larger blackhead problems, a dermatologists can help.
4. Stretch Marks
Stretch marks are more commonly associated with pregnancy and weight loss. Other conditions that can cause this skin condition, includes certain medications like steroids and diseases that are related to genetic disorders. Stretch marks will vary in their appearance. Generally, they appear as streaks within the skin, appearing as pink, red, or purple, then fading to light pink, white, or gray. They are very common on the:
- upper arms
- or they can cover other large areas of the body.
Much of the time, stretch marks will disappear, but if they aren’t vanishing quick enough, modern cosmetic or laser surgery can help remove them. Micro-dermabrasion is a great procedure for older stretch marks, as are tretinoin creams. Depending upon a person’s lifestyle, stretch marks are inevitable. They are harmless, just unsightly. Often a change in our dietary habits and exercise can make them vanish.
Corns and calluses are patches of hard, thickened skin, that are more commonly associated with our feet, but they can appear anywhere on the body, like hands and knuckles. Calluses are generally larger than corns and they have a yellow coloring. Both corns and calluses are caused by friction and pressure, such as constant walking, running, tight shoes, athletic sports, or standing up for long periods of time. Treatment for corn and calluses, depends on their original cause. Podiatrists treats corns and calluses, by issuing special insoles, socks, and in some cases, a scraping treatment. Of course, there is the DIY rendered self treatment for corns, but a physician should be consulted, because corns and calluses are also symptoms of other conditions within the body. Some calluses become so painful and disable individuals from walking, that surgery may be required to remove them.
Cellulite is a skin condition that is the result of underlying fat deposits, that appear dimpled and lumpy. Both men and women are affected by cellulite, however it is more common in women because they are more likely to have certain types of fat and tissue connections that are a perfect environment to form cellulite. Cellulite is still being studied as to its specific causes, but for now, it is known that they can also appear because of a poor diet of too much fat and salt; hormones; genetics; bad habits like smoking, lack of exercise, and tight clothing. Presently, the treatments for controlling cellulite, involves:
- various holistic and medical massage processes
- professional heat therapy
- magnetic therapy
- electrical stimulation
- radial waves therapy
- and drugs that act on the body’s fatty tissues.
Cellulite is not a serious medical condition, and doctors consider it to be normal. It is only unsightly and individuals can see their doctor, dermatologist or plastic surgeon for relief.